Table 8: One hunderd twelve “little” words

 5 CONNECTIVES SOUNDS SIGNS APPROXIMATE ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS A E I 0 U = /\ . \/ => MEANS, AND, [FULL STOP], OR, IMPLIES 77 OPERATORS SOUNDS SIGNS APPROXIMATE ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS DA DE Dl DO DU Ml MA MU TU Tl TA X Y W H Q IT, ITj, . . . , ITS [ALSO HE, HIM, SHE, HER, ETC] I, WE [HE AND I], WE [YOU AND I], YOU THIS, THAT LE LI LA LU VI VA VU THE-, THIS-, THAT-, THE ONE NAMED-HERE, THERE, FAR AWAY PA NA FA GA Cl CA BEFORE, NOW, AFTER, DURING NEAR [TIME], FAR [TIME] NO NU [NIU] ~ <-- [<--] NON- [ALSO NOT], UN- [ALSO PASSIVE VOICE OF TWO-PLACE PREDICATES] PE PO PU OF, -ING [AISO. TO-], -NESS RA RE Rl RO RU SU BO SO CO JO LO GO ALL, MOST, MANY, SOME, FEW, ENOUGH BECAUSE, SO THAT, FOR, WITH [AISO BY], LIKE, ACCORDING TO NI NE TO TE FO FE SI SE VO VE MO 0 1 2 3 45 6 7 8 9 1000 ZERO [ALSO NO], ONE  [ALSO A/AN], TWO, THREE, FOUR-FIVE, SIX, SEVEN, EIGHT, NINE, -THOUSAND ZA ZE Zl ZO ZU Bl Fl FU SA PI CE CU BE BA BU * ^ - + / = < >? ? √! ( ) TIMES, TO THE -TH POWER, MINUS, PLUS, OVER EQUALS, IS LESS THAN, IS GREATER THAN -TH, POINT, SUB-, THE -TH ROOT OF FACTORIAL. PARENTHESIS, CLOSE PARENTHESIS KA KE KI KO KU JA JE Jl JU QUOTE, WHO/WHICH, [COMMA], THAT [ALSO COLON], [DASH] [CAPITALIZE], [INDENT], [UNDERLINE], [CENTER LINE 22 INDICATORS SOUNDS SIGNS APPROXIMATE ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS IO IU HELLO, GOODBYE IA IE II Al AE AO CERTAINLY, PROBABLY, MAYBE' I WILL, I WANT, I HOPE EA El EO EU OA OE Ol OU WHAT? IS THAT SO? PLEASE. SUPPOSEMUST, SHOULD, MAY, IT DOESN'T MATTER UA UE Ul UO UU AU WHAT! WELL! HOW NICEI THANKSI SORRY! OUCH! 9 SENTENTIAL OPERATORS SOUNDS SIGNS APPROXIMATE ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS TUI TUE TAI KAI NIE NIO PIU SOI NIU IN GENERAL, MOREOVER, ABOVE ALL, SUMMING UPHOWEVER, IN ANY CASE, IN PARTICULAR, THEREFORE UN- [ALSO PASSIVE VOICE OF THREErPLACE PREDICATES

 ONE HUNDRED TWELVE "LITTLE" WORDS carry the whole burden of Loglnn logic and grammar. Once these words have -been learned, the student will have acquired mastery over the entire grammatical apparatus of the language, together with the many logical and mathematical devices which have been built into that grammar. The words as sounded, or spelled, are listed in the column at left. The logically more significant words have formal "signs," shown in the middle column, which adapt them for written manipulation in the algebra of symbolic logic. Some of these signed words correspond to punctuation marks, which are spoken as well as written in Loglan. The English equivalents of all the words are approximated in the column at right. There are four classes of these "little" words. Each class is identified by its characteristic phonetic pattern. The connectives are the five vowel sounds they include not only the familiar connectives "or" and "and" but the specialized logical concepts of equivalence and implication. The operators are all consonant-vowel words. This large class includes concepts represented in familiar languages by numbers, pronouns, prepositions, verb endings, the most common adjectives and adverbs, mathematical signs and of course punctuation marks. Nonetheless all the operators have a common function: to facilitate inference, cross reference, manipulation and transformation within the flow of speech. They may be joined together to express compound operations; for example, rada ("all of these"). The indicators are vowel diphthongs, and relate the attitude of the speaker to what he says. The sentential operators are all composed of a consonant followed by a vowel diphthong; they servi various rhetorical functions in the context of sustained speech!